Mulawarman Law Review https://e-journal.fh.unmul.ac.id/index.php/mulrev <p><strong>Mulawarman Law Review&nbsp; (MULREV)</strong>&nbsp;is a peer-reviewed journal published by Faculty of Law, Mulawarman University. MULREV published twice a year in June and December. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p>The aims of this journal is to provide a venue for academicians, researchers, and practitioners for publishing the original research articles or review articles. The scope of the articles published in this journal deals with a broad range of topics in the fields of Criminal Law, Civil Law, International Law, State and Administrative Law, Islamic Law, Economic Law, Adat Law and Local Custom, Natural Resources and Environmental Law and another section related contemporary issues in law.</p> <p>ISSN: <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1460710504"><strong>2527-3477</strong></a> | e-ISSN: <a title="Link ke website LIPI" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1460711859" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>2527-3485</strong></a></p> Faculty of Law, Mulawarman University en-US Mulawarman Law Review 2527-3477 <p>Note: All copies, paper, electronic or other use, of the information must include an indication of Mulawarman Law Review (MULREV) and Faculty of Law Mulawarman University and a full citation of the journal source. Please refer requests for reprints to the corresponding author, and requests for all other uses not covered above, including the authorization of third parties to reproduce or otherwise use all or part of the article (including figures and tables) to: Mulawarman Law Review (MULREV).</p> Menelaah Koperasi Era Omnibus Law https://e-journal.fh.unmul.ac.id/index.php/mulrev/article/view/340 <p>Gagasan modernisasi koperasi bukan hal baru, gagasan ini muncul seiring dengan tuntutan globalisasi ekonomi yang menuntut peran koperasi untuk dapat bersaing dalam pertarungan pasar bebas. Namun nampaknya, hingga saat ini pemerintah belum menemukan formula yang jitu untuk mendongkrak koperasi di Indonesia agar mampu bersaing. Modernisasi koperasi dapat dilakukan dengan mengacu para aspek-aspek dalam koperasi yaitu dalam hal kelembagaan, usaha, dan permodalan koperasi. Modernisasi usaha mutlak harus dibarengi dengan digitalisasi. Modernisasi koperasi tidak akan berhasil hanya dengan mempermudah izin pendirian dan izin usaha koperasi semata, dalam pada itu sinergitas antar element yang tekait dengan koperasi termasuk didalamnya quadruple helix (pemerintah, masyarakat, perguruan tinggi dan dunia usaha) harus turut menumbuhkan usaha usaha koperasi. Tantangan modernisasi koperasi ada pada pola hubungan koperasi dan pemerintah. Dalam era globalisasi bersaingan bebas fase hubungan koperasi dan pemerintah sudah tidak bisa lagi berada pada fase officialisasi tetapi sudah harus pada fase otonom. Kebijakan-kebijakan modernisasi era omnibus law harus didasarkan pada semangat menumbuhkan kesadaran berkoperasi dengan kualitas sember daya manusia yang mumpuni, semangat sinergitas usaha koperasi dengan entitas bisnis lainnya dan semangat otonomi koperasi dengan meminimalisasi unsur-unsur politik - kekuasaan dalam pengembangan koperasi.</p> Herman Suryokumoro Hikmatul Ula Copyright (c) 2020 Mulawarman Law Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 80 95 10.30872/mulrev.v5i2.340 Demokrasi Deliberatif dalam Konsep Amandemen Konstitusi Indonesia https://e-journal.fh.unmul.ac.id/index.php/mulrev/article/view/366 <p>Amendemen konstitusi merupakan suatu keniscayaan untuk dilaksanakan. Wacana amendemen kelima menjadi suatu perhatian khusus untuk dicermati dengan baik. Beragam isu penting menjadi topik yang akan menjadi objek amendemen. Proses amendemen sebelumnya mendapatkan kritik terkait kepentinggan politik yang mempengaruhi hasil amendemen. Hal itu menjadi dasar pelaksanaan amendemen selanjutnya harus melalui prosedur yang baik dan sesuai dengan prinsip negara hukum. Demokrasi deliberatif menjadi konsep yang penting dalam proses amendemen konstitusi. Hal itu dikarenakan demokrasi deliberatif dianggap dapat mengakomodir segala kepentingan elemen masyarakat. Prinsip demokrasi deliberatif memberikan ruang terhadap titik temu antara pengambil keputusan dan masyarakat. Konsep yang lebih terbuka juga menjadi hal penting dalam pelaksanaan teori demokrasi deliberatif. Dengan begitu, konsep amendemen konstitusi dapat dilakukan dengan baik dan sesuai dengan arah tujuan masyarakat bukan golongan tertentu. Demokrasi deliberatif menyatukan berbagai kepentingan yang timbul dalam masyarakat Indonesia yang heterogen. Hal tersebut akan menghasilkan konstitusi dari musyawarah yang baik bukan dipaksakan. Konsep yang mengelaborasi sistem keterwakilan dengan proses yang memberikan ruang publik untuk terlibat dan berpartisipasi ini akan menjadi sebuah ikhtiar dalam mewujudkan konstitusi yang diharapkan semua warga negara.</p> Bayu Aryanto Copyright (c) 2020 Mulawarman Law Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-12-19 2020-12-19 96 113 10.30872/mulrev.v5i2.366 COVID-19 as Force Majeure in Insurance Agreement https://e-journal.fh.unmul.ac.id/index.php/mulrev/article/view/329 <p>Force majeure is an unexpected or unknown event which occur out of control that obstructs a party to fullfill the obligations in the agreement. This clause exempts the parties from the obligation to compensate either overall or partially for conducting default on contract. This research is normative legal research conducted by examining secondary, primary, and tertiary legal materials. As for research, conducted using conceptual approach and statute approach. The results show that COVID-19 is a relative force majeure. This condition affects the debtor’s economic ability to pay premiums to insurance companies every month. But according to article 1244 ICC the debtor must prove that the condition cannot be blamed on them. After it is proven article 1245 ICC can be applied which exempts the debtor from the obligation of compensation. In the face of COVID-19 as a force majeure insurance companies can implement an agreement restructuring policy in accordance with Financial Services Authority Regulations Number 14 of 2020. By implementing this policy insurance company can avoid the cancellation of the agreement due to force majeure.</p> Aditya Padmo Iwan Erar Joesoef Copyright (c) 2020 Mulawarman Law Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 114 125 10.30872/mulrev.v5i2.329 Legal Status of MoU Determining The Limits of The Territory Area Between Indonesia and Malaysia https://e-journal.fh.unmul.ac.id/index.php/mulrev/article/view/343 <p>The border region is the front territory of the country jurisdiction and posses an important role in the matter of enforcement of national law sovereignty. Sebatik Island owned by two countries, Indonesia and Malaysia. Demarcation of territorial boundaries in Sebatik Island refers to Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Malaysia and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia regarding Surveys and Demarcation of the Border Line of 1973 which is followed up with the results of a joint Surveys and Demarcation on the island of Borneo poured in the form of an advanced Memorandum of Understanding containing each boundary point which has been agreed upon.From 1973 to 2017 there are 9 (nine) points of Outstanding Boundary Problem (OBP) on Sebatik Island that have not been agreed by both countries. The boundary disputes have led to unclear legal status of Sebatik Island's land border territory within the framework of international treaty law and also led to the uncertainty of the status of the MoU as the legal basis for the determination of state borders between Indonesia and Malaysia on Sebatik Island.This law research questioning two issue. First, what factors make the border region not yet regulated by international agreements on borders. Second, how the legal status of the 1973 Memorandum of Understanding in stipulate the point of demarcation between Indonesia and Malaysia in the perspective of international treaty law. Based on the research, the factor that caused the border area not yet been regulated by a definitive border agreement is the disparity of reference between Indonesia and Malaysia to determining the land boundary in Sebatik Island. Indonesia uses the provisions of 4o 10 'LU degree while Malaysia uses existing pillar references. This dispute involve the overlap of the Sebatik Island border area from both countries. Thus, the legal status of the 1973 Memorandum of Understanding has not been binding as law either in national law or as an agreement in international law.</p> Dwi Ambarina Rita Kadarsih Mahendra Putra Kurnia Syukri Hidayatullah Copyright (c) 2020 Mulawarman Law Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 126 137 10.30872/mulrev.v5i2.343 Reorganisasi Perusahaan Debitor Yang Terancam Pailit Sebagai Suatu Alternatif https://e-journal.fh.unmul.ac.id/index.php/mulrev/article/view/341 <p>Law No.37 of 2004 concerning Bankruptcy and Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations Article 2 paragraph (1) has determined that a debtor who has two or more Creditors and does not pay in full at least one debt that has matured and is collectible, is declared bankrupt by verdict Court, either at the request of one or more creditors. With this provision, it can be understood that bankruptcy is a reasonable choice. However, several opinions of bankruptcy law have not provided sufficient protection to debtors with good intentions. This article intends to find out more about the implementation of the reorganization of debtor companies whether it can be used as an alternative so that the debtor company does not go bankrupt. The method used is normative legal research. Data sources consist of primary legal materials, secondary legal materials, and tertiary legal materials. Based on the results of the research, it is known that the regulations regarding company reorganization have not been clearly and firmly regulated in Law Number 37 of 2004 concerning Bankruptcy and Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations, Reorganization is part of the restructuring, bankruptcy can be avoided through a business reorganization in the form of mergers, consolidations. , business acquisitions, and other forms. This bankruptcy law also does not provide sufficient protection to debtors with good intentions, because there has been a tendency to interpret bankruptcy as liquidation. However, it must be understood that bankruptcy should also be a means of reorganizing the company. The legal consequence of company reorganization on the settlement of the company's debt and accounts receivable is that there is an opportunity for creditors and debtors to settle their debts without going through a bankruptcy process which can result in the debtor being declared bankrupt.</p> Asril Copyright (c) 2021 Mulawarman Law Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-01-08 2021-01-08 138 149 10.30872/mulrev.v5i2.341