Implication of Coal Mining Permit Governance to Environmental Degradation in East Kalimantan

Authors

  • Mohamad Nasir Universitas Balikpapan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30872/mulrev.v7i2.922

Keywords:

Coal Mining, Permit Governance, Environmental Degradation, East Kalimantan

Abstract

This article analyzes the regulation dynamics regarding coal mining permit governance and its impact on environmental degradation. This paper addresses two main issues. First, it explores the dynamics of coal mining regulations and to what extent they create legal uncertainty in coal mining permit governance. Second, it investigates the implications of the legal uncertainty to the environmental damage around the mining sites. The findings demonstrate that two factors have driven policies and laws in the coal mining sector for over a decade. First, coal mining legislation relates to other industries such as the environment, forestry, spatial planning, and regional governance. Besides, the regulations are multi-level, where the authority lies with the central, provincial, and district/city governments. The second is legislative capture, where licensing legal norms are "co-opted" by particular economic interests. Such policies and laws dynamics lead to uncertainty in the permit governance of the coal mining sector. Further, the legal uncertainty that makes a permit has failed to control coal mining activities and protect citizens' access to a good and healthy environment. On the contrary, permit demonstrated the opposite role: becoming a legal instrument that drives environmental damage and pollution.

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Published

29-12-2022

How to Cite

Mohamad Nasir. 2022. “Implication of Coal Mining Permit Governance to Environmental Degradation in East Kalimantan”. Mulawarman Law Review 7 (2). Samarinda, ID.:128-45. https://doi.org/10.30872/mulrev.v7i2.922.

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